Chapter 5. WinDi Conjugation.

5.1. How to open WinDi Conjugation.

There are three ways to open the application:

- From the Windows Program Manager: just double click on the WinDi Conjugation icon located in the 'WinDi Translation Help' group.

- From any Windows application (a word processor for example) by means of the WinDi Menu (see chapter I of this manual)

- From the WinDi Dictionaries, as long as the displayed word is a verb (see screen 2, 'Windi Conjugation, Grammar'), by clicking on the 'books' icon in the language zone of your choice.

- From the 'Translation Help' window, after the 'compilation' of a word, as long as the displayed word is a verb, by clicking on the 'brown books' icon.

5.2. First screen.

Screen 3.

5.2.1. Selection of the language of the verb to be conjugated. (zone 5 and 6, screen 3)

The phylactery in zone 5 indicates the language of the verb you wish to conjugate. By default, it will be the source language you defined in WinDi Menu. If you want to modify that language, click in zone 6 to choose one of the seven languages of WinDi Conjugation.

5.2.2. Entering the verb to be conjugated. (zone 5, screen 3)

Type the verb you wish to conjugate in zone5, and click on {Enter}.

NB: for reflexive and particle verbs (German and Dutch), please refer to paragraph 5.5 of this manual. 

5.2.3. Displaying the conjugation of a verb in a selected tense. (zone 1 and 2, screen 3)

On the first screen (zone 1), the conjugation of the verb you have just typed in is displayed in one tense, the one that is specified in zone 2. To change this tense, use the scroll bar in zone 2 and select another tense.

5.2.4. Selection of active or passive voice. (zone 3, screen 3)

In zone 3, click on the 'active' or 'passive' button to see your conjugation in one of these voices.

NB: for English conjugation another menu appears, allowing you to choose simple or continuous mode.

5.2.5. WinDi Conjugation in communication with other Windows applications. (zone 4, screen 3)

When WinDi Conjugation is linked to another Windows application (wordprocessor, etc), the button in zone 4 corresponds to the 'Paste' function into WinDi Conjugation, and the button corresponds to the 'Copy' function into another application. Both of these are standard Windows functions. See the examples on how to use them in paragraph 4 of this chapter.

5.2.6. WinDi Conjugation 'talks' to you in the language of your choice. (zone 4, screen 3)

In this screen (for example in zone 5 'Type the verb'), WinDi Conjugation 'talks' to you in English. This also means that all grammatical specifications and all the messages will be given in English.

You can easily change this. To do so, click on the 'S' (setup) button available from the WinDi Menu, select another language and reload WinDi Conjugation.

5.2.7. Zoom function. (zone 4, screen 3)

Selecting the 'Zoom' option on zone 4 gives you access to the second screen of WinDi Conjugation, displaying six tenses at a time (see paragraph 5.3. below)

5.2.8. Access to the other WinDi functions. (zone 7, screen 3)

By clicking on the 'Menu' icon in zone 7, you gain immediate access to the WinDi Menu.

5.2.9. How to quit WinDi Conjugation. (zone 8, screen 3)

- Click with the left button of the mouse in zone 8 (door) to keep WinDi Conjugation in RAM for later instant recall. WinDi Conjugation is then minimized, but can be instantly recalled if you are in Windows (see Chap I).

- Click anywhere on the screen, outside the window of WinDi Conjugation, to get the same result.

- Click with the right button of the mouse in zone 8 (door) in order to completely unload WinDi Conjugation from the RAM of your PC.

With WinDi Conjugation, the 'LAST CALL' function will come in very handy: this function restores the situation of your last search in each language, when calling up WinDi Conjugation again. If working in a network, WinDi Conjugation restores the situation specific to each user. This function is influenced by WinDi Dictionary when called.

5.3. Zoom function: the second screen of WinDi Conjugation.

Screen 4.

5.3.1. Choice of the language of the verb to be conjugated. (zone 1 and 7, screen 4)

Click in zone 1 to choose one language among the seven languages of WinDi Conjugation. The symbol in zone 7 reminds you which language was chosen. By default, the language will be the source language that you selected in WinDi Menu.

5.3.2. Entering the verb to be conjugated. (zone 5, screen 4)

Enter the verb you wish to conjugate in zone 5, and then click on {Enter} (arrow). This zone only exists for zoom 1. For zoom 2 and 6, this function is available via a special menu.

5.3.3. Features of the 'zoom' screen. (zone 2, screen 4)

The '1', '2' and '6' buttons allow you to modify the display of WinDi Conjugation.

'1' button: WinDi Conjugation displays the conjugation of one verb in one language, with six tenses on the screen.

'2' button: WinDi Conjugation displays two verbs conjugated in two languages, with three tenses on the screen. This function is very useful in the case of the selection of a tense according to a 'reference' language (for example, one's mother tongue) (see remark in paragraph 5 of this chapter concerning the equivalence of tenses between different languages).

'6' button: WinDi Conjugation displays six verbs conjugated in six languages, with one tense per language on the screen (see remark in paragraph 5 of this chapter concerning the equivalence of tenses between different languages).

The arrows in zone 8 allow you to see the following or preceding tense(s).

In case of zoom '2' and '6', WinDi Conjugation displays a menu where you can enter the verbs that will be conjugated. This function is automatic if you have selected a verb coming from WinDi Dictionaries.

5.3.4. How to communicate with other Windows applications. (zone 4, screen 4)

The button (zone 4) corresponds to the 'Paste' function into another Windows application. In zoom '1', there is also a 'Copy' function. In order to select a conjugated form, click on it and then on the button to export it.

5.3.5. Choice of the active or passive voice. (zone 10, screen 4)

Select the 'active' or 'passive' option to see your conjugation in the active or passive voice. For English conjugation, another menu is displayed, for simple or continuous mode (See remark about the passive voice in paragraph 5 of this chapter).

5.3.6. How to quit WinDi Conjugation and return to the main screen. (zone 9, screen 4)

Click on the 'door' icon (zone 9) to come back to the main screen. If you wish to quit WinDi Conjugation, please refer to paragraph 5.2.7.

5.4. WinDi Conjugation in communication with other Windows applications: examples.

The two and buttons in zone 4 of the first screen and in zone 4 of the second screen allow direct communication with other Windows applications, that is to say the transfer of conjugated forms from WinDi Conjugation into another application, and of infinitive verbs into WinDi Conjugation (coming from, for example, the WinDi Dictionaries). Here, a wordprocessing exercise is used as a practical example.

Example 1.

You wish to know the conjugation of an infinitive verb on the screen of your PC. Here is the fast and easy method suggested by WinDi Conjugation:

a. By means of the 'Copy' function (generally located in the 'Edit' menu), copy the verb into the clipboard.

b. Call up WinDi Conjugation. Make sure you are in the language of the verb to be conjugated. If this is not the case, just click on one of the language icons before importing the verb (see paragraph 5.2.1.).

c. Click on the button in zone 4 of the first screen. The verb appears in zone 5.

d. Click on {ENTER} to obtain the conjugation of this verb.

e. Come back to your text by clicking on the door (zone 8).

Example 2.

You are typing a text and you want to look up the conjugation of a verb so that you can immediately integrate it into your text. Here is the fast and easy method proposed by WinDi Conjugation:

a. Call up WinDi Conjugation.

b. Choose the language of the verb to be conjugated in zone 6 of the first screen.

c. Enter the verb to be conjugated in zone 5 of the same screen, and click on {Enter}.

d. One conjugation is displayed on the screen: select a conjugated form and click on the button, so that WinDi Conjugation copies the form into the clipboard. You can also use the 'zoom' function, select a conjugated form on the second screen, and then click on the button in the 'zoom' screen.

e. Quit WinDi Conjugation (see 5.2.7.).

f. Now you are back in your text. Put the cursor where you want and import the verb by using the 'Paste' function, usually located in the 'Edit' menu.

Please note that WinDi Conjugation is also perfectly well integrated in the WinDi Translation Help 'Double Editor'. When WinDi has retrieved the infinitive form of a conjugated verb, and presents you with the translation of the verb in one of the 7 languages, you can immediately see the complete conjugation of that verb, simply by clicking on the 'WinDi Conjugation' icon (brown books).

Please refer to Chap. III of this manual for further information.

5.5. Special features of your conjugation software.

5.5.1. Reflexive verbs.

The verbs that are always reflexive were encoded in WinDi Conjugations as reflexive verbs. If a verb exists both in the non-reflexive form and in the reflexive form, only the non-reflexive form is available.

English: do not enter the verb followed by 'oneself', and do not enter the verb preceded by 'to'.

French: enter the verb without the 'se' or 's' pronoun, even if the reflexive pronoun is mandatory, as in the French verb 'se souvenir'. WinDi Tools will display the reflexive conjugation if the non-reflexive conjugation does not exist. Otherwise, WinDi Conjugation will display the non-reflexive conjugation. Enter for example 'souvenir' to obtain the conjugation of the reflexive verb 'se souvenir'. But note that, for example, the reflexive conjugation 'se laver' is not available, because 'laver' exists.

Note: this process has been chosen in order to avoid an unmanageably large database, allowing you to gain faster access to the information.

German and Dutch: same remark as for French. Do not enter the verb preceded by 'zich' (Dutch) or 'sich' (German): if this pronoun is mandatory, WinDi Conjugation will give you the reflexive conjugation of the verb. Example: in Dutch, enter 'vergissen' to obtain the conjugation of 'zich vergissen'.

Portuguese: due to the specific constructions of Portuguese reflexive verbs, all verbs can be entered in their reflexive form (for example: lavar-se will be conjugated in the reflexive form), WinDi Conjugation will display the reflexive conjugation of your verb (unless it does not exist at all, for ex. 'dormir-se').

5.5.2. Particle verbs (German and Dutch).

In the case of a never separable particle verb, WinDi Conjugation will conjugate it without asking you for further information about the particle. The program recognizes these verbs.

In the case of a separable verb or a particle verb being both separable and inseparable, WinDi Conjugation may ask you to identify the particle (this only happens when WinDi Conjugation detects several possible particles). WinDi Conjugation 'knows' when a same-particle verb can be separated or not, and will then display a conjugation with 12 persons, in order to show the two possible conjugations. The first 'list' (6 persons) presents the conjugation with the separated particle, and the second 'list' (6 persons) with the unseparated particle.

5.5.3. Passive voice of a verb.

The passive voice of a verb is usually always available, except in case of grammatical impossibility (for example, reflexive verbs do not exist in the passive voice).

5.5.4. Equivalence of the tenses between the different languages (zoom 2 and 6).

In case of comparison of conjugation between two or more languages, some tenses have no equivalence between all the languages. In these cases, the particular tense of a language is displayed in the list of that language, but for the other languages the list(s) remain empty.

Attention: the 'equivalence' proposed by WinDi is merely 'structural', and does not hold into account the different grammatical rules governing the use of a specific tense in a language.

5.5.5. Entering the verbs.

This conjugation application uses computer algorithms in order to get the smallest databases. Do not forget, when entering a verb, to spell it correctly: in case of a spelling mistake, the software either will not find the conjugation or will conjugate your verb with the spelling mistake. To avoid this problem, we recommend you to call this conjugation program from within the WinDi Dictionary.

The conjugation program is not able to conjugate 'expressions'. In such cases, the application will warn you that there is a syntax error. In this case, you have to isolate the verb that you wish to conjugate, by removing the words surrounding it. For example, in the English expression 'to become suddenly aware of', the verb 'become' must be isolated. Simply delete 'suddenly aware of', and press 'Enter'.

If you enter a verb and don't get the conjugation you expected, please check if your encoding matches the explanations given in paragraphs 5.5.1. to 5.5.3.

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